Concept Week 13

Rights of property and ownership: copyright to protect media productions.

According to WIPO the idea of copyright is to protect an artistic creation, be it books, music, paintings, and sculptures. When a copyright is in action, it is illegal for anyone else to  produce that artistic creation, and anyone that does so can be fined and/or imprisoned for a period of time. When looking at the invention of copyright you can see it around every corner of the marking spectrum. A prime example of such copyright can be inventions that have been produced, like the Magic Bullet. Though unlike the protection of such inventions, copyright law will only protect the form of expression of a persons ideas, not the ideas themselves. (WIPO)

Here is a list of examples of works protected by copyright thanks to WIPO.

  • books, pamphlets and other writings;
  • lectures, addresses, sermons;
  • dramatic or dramatico-musical works;
  • choreographic works and entertainments in dumb show;
  • musical compositions with or without words;
  • cinematographic works to which are assimilated works expressed by a process analogous to cinematography;
  • works of drawing, painting, architecture, sculpture, engraving and lithography;
  • photographic works, to which are assimilated works expressed by a process analogous to photography;
  • works of applied art; illustrations, maps, plans, sketches and three-dimensional works relative to geography, topography, architecture or science;
  • “translations, adaptations, arrangements of music and other alterations of a literary or artistic work, which are to be protected as original works without prejudice to the copyright in the original work..
  • collections of literary or artistic works such as encyclopedias and anthologies which, by reason of the selection and arrangement of their contents, constitute intellectual creations, are to be protected as such, without prejudice to the copyright in each of the works forming part of such collections.”

Discussion Week 13

Based on your media log, and the kind of media you use on a regular basis, what are your responsibilities in using media?

Well based on my media log the and the kind of media that I use on a regular basis, I have come to see that my responsibilities with these said media usage. No the kind of media that I use the most, according to my media log that is, is the internet. On such a wondrous thing as the internet I am able to contact my friends through Facebook, Skype, Twitter, and various other social media sites, along with find new information on what is going on in the world. BUT with this power of endless knowledge comes great responsibility. A prime example of being losing my responsibility online can be seen as people putting degrading pictures of themselves online, saying things that are racist and hurtful to others in order to gain popularity, and even just how people plagiarize what they have learned from the internet, both willing and unwillingly. If I am able to keep myself under control on my media usage and fall into some of the social norms than I should be fine in life. Guess we will see.

Concept Week 13

Rights of property and ownership: copyright to protect media productions.

By Jimmy Lavorato

When I think of this, I think of pirating music and illegally downloading movies and other such media. When you think of the time and money that people spend producing their work, it seems both illegal and immoral to receive that work free of charge. They are entitled to their work and by copyright laws that work is protected from being stolen or copied. If your like me and you’ve ever searched google images, you know that thousands of images come up. It doesn’t seem too unlikely that many of those images are copyright and that google does not have the right to display those images. I found an article on CNN talking about how google had illegaly scanned images of books created by visual artists. “We are seeking justice and fair compensation for visual artists whose work appears in the 12 million books and other publications Google has illegally scanned to date,” Says Victor Perlman, a general counsel for the photographers’ organization. The outcome is yet to be determined in whether google is guilty of this lawsuit.

http://scitech.blogs.cnn.com/2010/04/07/visual-artists-sue-google-over-copyright-issues/?iref=allsearch

Concept Week 13

Rights of property and ownership: copyright to protect media productions

 Austin Merritt

Copyright was made to protect the creator’s idea, material, or production. The book says it is to protect and promote the art, science and other expression of the creator. Critics of copyright think it is unfair because it stresses more about the financial potential for the creator than protection of the material for its art content. Media productions have been fighting to expand the copyright laws to protect their content. The DRM, the Digital Rights Management, protects the copyright of the material. With the media today it is easier to abuse the copyright laws of the creators. Major court cases, such as the Grokster decision or Sony v. Universal City Studios, have set major standards in copyrights for media protections. The Grokster decision said that if a company had material that allowed the user to violate copyrights of another company’s media, then it is illegal. This was very controversial because it was based of the “intent” of the company’s media. The book mentioned how hard it was to judge the “intent” of the company’s intent for their media. The debate continues on where and how copyright should protect the creator of the media. It is seems to be a gray area. Both sides seem to be able to compromise and allow for others to share. Recently, copyright laws are letting up allowing for television shows to be streamed, music to be shared and other content to be expressed more freely. The reason that creator’s are letting up on the strong copyright laws is that they get paid from a fee the networks or websites pay for the use of their content and the creator is collecting popularity and recognition from the use of their product. There seems to be more of an agreement or an easing between the two parties about copyrights. This allows for the consumer’s to have more media without the high costs of copyright laws.

My example, found on USA Today, talks about how Apple Inc. lost a copyright fight against Samsung in the United Kingdom. Apple accuses Samsung of “copycat” tactics when making their Galaxy tablet. Apple has gone on to sue companies for breaking copyright rules in other countries including America. America sided with Apple for a phone dispute, while other countries like Germany and the U.K. have gone on to deny Apple of their copyright infringement claims.

Concept Week 12

Rights of property and ownership: copyright to protect media productions

By: Shelby Schroeder

Firstly, I think it’s important to define what copyright is.  Copyright is recognizing and permitting ownership of a type of expression.  It recognizes that someone who creates something, whether it be art or science with the possibility of earning money, their piece of work can be protected.   For all types of media including media productions, their rights are protected for their entire lives, plus 70 years.  If you want to use the creator’s work for your own profit, you must obtain permission from them, but a lot of time if you are using it for nonprofit reasons, you can use it.  (Such as quoting a few lines of a book). Overall media production is protected to allow creativity to flow, and for new content to be generated.

Example: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/14/business/media/14piracy.html?_r=0

Example Defined:  My example was taken from the New York Times.  Although movies are protected under copyright law, many people still pirate movies.  The article discusses how there has been a decline of being able to purchase these on the streets, as pirated movies can now be found online.  This is a problem because the movie industry is losing a lot of money over this, even more now that HD cameras are cheaper so it’s easier to get good footage to put on the internet.  This really shows that although media is protected, people can still steal things quite easily.