Concept Week 12

Rights of property and ownership: copyright to protect media productions

By: Shelby Schroeder

Firstly, I think it’s important to define what copyright is.  Copyright is recognizing and permitting ownership of a type of expression.  It recognizes that someone who creates something, whether it be art or science with the possibility of earning money, their piece of work can be protected.   For all types of media including media productions, their rights are protected for their entire lives, plus 70 years.  If you want to use the creator’s work for your own profit, you must obtain permission from them, but a lot of time if you are using it for nonprofit reasons, you can use it.  (Such as quoting a few lines of a book). Overall media production is protected to allow creativity to flow, and for new content to be generated.

Example: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/14/business/media/14piracy.html?_r=0

Example Defined:  My example was taken from the New York Times.  Although movies are protected under copyright law, many people still pirate movies.  The article discusses how there has been a decline of being able to purchase these on the streets, as pirated movies can now be found online.  This is a problem because the movie industry is losing a lot of money over this, even more now that HD cameras are cheaper so it’s easier to get good footage to put on the internet.  This really shows that although media is protected, people can still steal things quite easily.

Concept Week 12

Right to free speech: Difference between protections for political vs. commercial speech

Freedom of speech, that is the right that is given to the American people by the first constitution. It is the right that every person that is born under the American flag has the chance to express their beliefs and ideas to the world around them without unwarranted government restriction. But even though we have that said right it does not apply to all types. Let us take commercial speech for example, commercial speech is usually a form of advertising  and in turn it shows SOME of the First Amendment protection. The reason being that the First Amendment does in turn protect commercial speech that is not false or misleading and that obeys the law. Now political speech on the other hand is a different story. Political speech is one of the most protected pieces of speech to this date. The reasons being is that it is always carefully analysed to a key and just about everyone that has a political state in the nation wishes to speak their mind about the opinions at hand.

 

Example:

I personally love Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address speech, and I am unsure it it pertains to this topic but the way that he held it together along with it being one of the shortest speeches with such an impact on the nation.

Commercial speech will be protected by the First Amendment if (1) it concerns lawful activity and is not misleading; (2) the asserted government interest is not substantial; (3) the regulation does not directly advance the asserted governmental interest; and (4) the regulation is more extensive than is necessary to serve that interest. Prime example would be the U.S. Supreme Court has struck down bans on drug advertising.

Concept: Copyright

Rights of property and ownership: copyright to protect media productions

By: Marina Eggen

Copyright is a legal concept.  It gives the creator of an original work exclusive right to that work.  It allows that creator to decide who finically benefits from the work, who can use the work, who can perform the work, and many other rights.  Copyright also helps the creator take credit for the work he/she has created.  Copyright to protect media productions is used to give exclusive rights to the media production agency that has produced the movie, TV show, etc.  This way the media production agency can decide who benefits, and who can perform the work because they created it.  No one can take credit for the work they made, or steal their work and use it in an undesirable way.  Copyright protects this business from other media productions that may be in competition with them.  It also protects the media production from anyone else looking to take the original work they have created.

Example: http://archives.cnn.com/2002/TECH/industry/03/18/digital.copyright.idg/index.html

This article from cnn.com by Cara Garretson talks about the problem related to copyrighted work.  Mainly with songs and movie, the copyrighted work is getting stolen on different Internet cites that are hard to stop.  IT and entertainment industries are trying to work out a solution to the problem on their own without the government needing to stepping in.  Even though copyright helps many people, and media productions there are still problems with people stealing their original works.

Concepts Week 12

Right to free speech: Difference between protections for political vs. commercial speech

By Jimmy Lavorato

Under the 1st amendment, the right to free speech is protected. However, in politics, speech is taken under way more considerable importance. Commercial speech happens all the time such as in advertisements and civil rights movements. A good example of how free speech is advocated is in the link below. It talks about a group of high school cheerleaders who demonstrated their right to free speech by displaying Christian messages during their performances.

http://religion.blogs.cnn.com/2012/10/18/cheerleaders-win-temporary-injunction-in-high-profile-free-speech-case/?iref=allsearch