Discussion Question #15

Over the past semester, what did you find most interesting, and what was least interesting, about the course?

By: Marina Eggen

What I found most interesting was Unit 2.  I liked learning about careers and jobs in the mass communication sector.  Public relations was my favorite topic in unit 2.  I found the whole career very interesting and I loved the debate we had in class on it.  Is public relations a good thing or a bad thing?  Arguments on both sides really got me thinking about PR in general, and the specifics of the career.  What I found least interesting this semester was unit 4.  Politics and laws having never been interesting to me.  Most of the time I just get annoyed with that kind of stuff.  The current laws are important but all the court cases that led up to the law we have now seems unimportant to me.  The debate we had in class on the topic was so one sided that I lost interest very quickly in that too.  Over all I enjoyed the class but there were defiantly some units that were a bit more interesting to me then others.

Discussion Question #14

What rights and responsibilities do you have to protect your privacy on the Internet?

By: Marina Eggen

My privacy on the Internet is my responsibility.  If I don’t want the whole Internet population to see something I said, or a picture I shouldn’t put that on the Internet.  There are other ways that privacy can be extended past self-regulated privacy.  There are settings on social networking sites that limit who can see your profile.  There are passwords on emails, and many other websites to keep privacy.  There are ways to delete, and block people you don’t want to see your profile.  Overall I think that it is the individuals job to protect its privacy by not uploading anything that they don’t want to be seen by everyone.  It is my right to post anything about/of myself on the Internet but I have to be prepared and reminded that many people will be able to see it.  For personal privacy self-regulation is needed to obtain full privacy.  There are always ways for people to get around the privacy settings on Facebook, for example, but there is no way to get around a picture that isn’t on the Internet at all.  My privacy on the Internet is my responsibility.

Discussion Question #13

Based on your media log, and the kind of media you use on a regular basis, what are your responsibilities in using media?

By: Marina Eggen

The media I use the most is the Internet.  I mostly use it for the entertainment side but I also use the Internet a lot for educational purposes.  I use it to aid me in my projects, papers, and everyday homework assignments.  It is such a helpful tool for me being a college kid with lots of homework to do and papers to write.  My greatest responsibility as an avid user of the Internet is to not plagiarize.  I need to give credit where credit is due.  If I use someone else’s work to help me finish my work, I need to cite their work or mention their name and what I used from them.  It is very easy to cite websites form the Internet, and it’s my responsibility to do so.  Sometimes I don’t even realize I am plagiarizing someone’s work because it is so easy now a days to copy and past from the websites to my word documents.  I just need to stay focused and cite all the sources I use no matter what.  Another responsibility I have as a media user is to respect the rights of copyrighted material.  I should not be stealing from any companies that have this material.  It is my responsibility to pay if I want the movie or song.  I should not be pirating movies just because I don’t want to have to pay for them.  It is somewhat easy to watch movies online on free websites, or download music without asking.  It is my responsibility to not do those things.

Concept: Copyright

Rights of property and ownership: copyright to protect media productions

By: Marina Eggen

Copyright is a legal concept.  It gives the creator of an original work exclusive right to that work.  It allows that creator to decide who finically benefits from the work, who can use the work, who can perform the work, and many other rights.  Copyright also helps the creator take credit for the work he/she has created.  Copyright to protect media productions is used to give exclusive rights to the media production agency that has produced the movie, TV show, etc.  This way the media production agency can decide who benefits, and who can perform the work because they created it.  No one can take credit for the work they made, or steal their work and use it in an undesirable way.  Copyright protects this business from other media productions that may be in competition with them.  It also protects the media production from anyone else looking to take the original work they have created.

Example: http://archives.cnn.com/2002/TECH/industry/03/18/digital.copyright.idg/index.html

This article from cnn.com by Cara Garretson talks about the problem related to copyrighted work.  Mainly with songs and movie, the copyrighted work is getting stolen on different Internet cites that are hard to stop.  IT and entertainment industries are trying to work out a solution to the problem on their own without the government needing to stepping in.  Even though copyright helps many people, and media productions there are still problems with people stealing their original works.

Discussion Question #12

To what extent have your CJ105 concept definitions relied on copying definitions from Wikipedia and other Internet sources – is that plagiarism?

By: Marina Eggen

Up to this point I have only gone online to help me with my concept definitions twice.  The other definitions I used the book to aid me in my answer.  I can’t speak for everyone in the class but I frequently find all the information I need to write a good definition from the chapters in our textbook.  However, the most recent definition I wrote I relied heavily on the Internet.  I have never used Wikipedia for my definitions, but I did use other Internet sources.  I do not believe that using these sources as a reference is plagiarism.  As long as you are not copying the site word for word and claiming it is your own, I don’t think its plagiarism.  I do not know these concepts off the top of my head, so I need to go searching for the answer each week.  Sometimes that involves looking them up online, which (in my opinion) is the easiest way to find the answer.  All of these concepts come from some other place, and as long as we are not copying that other source word for word I don’t think its plagiarism.

Concept Week 11

Right to free speech: Difference between protections for political vs. commercial speech

By: Marina Eggen

Let’s start by defining both political speech and commercial speech.  Political speech is an expression which comments on government action rather than the private conduct of an individual.  It is an expressive activity that forms the foundation of our democracy. Commercial speech is speech done on behalf of a company or individual for the intent of making a profit.  Political speech receives the highest level of protection und the First Amendment.  As long as you are not looking to profit from your speech, art, etc. and it is on a political topic, it is protected under the First Amendment.  As far as commercial speech goes, until recently commercial speech was not protected under the First Amendment, but now it has qualified for some protection.  Some parts of commercial speech are protected under the First Amendment, but not all.  For example the informational function of advertising is not protected.  Over all political speech is far more protected than commercial speech is due to the First Amendment.

Example: http://www.cnn.com/2011/HEALTH/06/23/scotus.drug.data/index.html?iref=allsearch

This article from cnn.com by Bill Mears gives a great example of how some commercial speech is protected.  Some states wanted to pass a law to block “date mining” companies from marketing information about doctors’ prescriptions.  This would ban any use or publication of the information for “marketing purposes” of brand-name medicine.  The Supreme Court over turned this law due to the restrictions violating commercial speech protections.

Discussion Question #11

How is political speech expressed in social media? Provide some examples that you have seen, or been involved in.

By: Marina Eggen

In the U.S. expression of political speech is open for anyone to say anything they please, whenever they choose to do that (as long as it is not seen as a threat to an individual or the country).  Social media is a great place for people to have that expression and relay it to a number of people.  In the days before the election there was an explosion of people posting on social media sites to say who to vote for or whom they are voting for.  There were many people who were helping campaign by trying to persuade people last minute with their posts.  There were also groups on Facebook that allowed the people to express their favorite candidate because they have the freedom to do so.  On Twitter hash tags (#) of the candidates names were very popular as people bashed one candidate and supported the other.  Social media is a great way to get an individual’s ideas and beliefs out to a large number or people.  The expression of political speech was so huge on the days leading up to the election, the day of the election, and one or two days after.  When the results came out my news feed on Facebook consisted of two types of posts, and that was either happiness for Obama, or hatred for Obama.  It was amazing to see almost all of my friends on Facebook partake in their own political speech expression, and they did that through social media.