Right to free speech: Difference between protections for political vs. commercial speech
For starters according to the Ohio State Bar Association “commercial speech” is a phrase that came from the U.S. Supreme Court decision in 1942 when an owner of World War 1 vintage submarine brought a lawsuit against the City of New York when they said that he could not pass out flyers advertising tours of his Sub. They come up with the conciseness that commercial speech refers to speech that is either printed, broadcast or on the internet that advertises a product or service. Such things have caused the U.S Supreme Court to rule that “political speech” is speech that deals with issues of public interest or that of social concern. Thus political speech is entitled to full protection under the 1st Amendment of the United States Constitution while commercial speech is given much less protection due to the fact that some material being shown on a commercial may be “false or misleading” .
Over the past semester, what did you find most interesting, and what was least interesting, about the course?
Over the past semester in my time of CJ105 I have found just about everything either interesting, useful OR both. I will use the material that I have learned over the course of the semester to look back on and use as a reference for future CJ classes. I will say this, this was my first hybrid class and I found the whole concept the most interesting. The whole WordPress/ blogging idea was a new one that caused me to learn how to work a blog site. It was also a new and fun experience working with my team! I am honored to have worked with Jimmy, Austin, Marina, and Shelby. I would have not understood half as much as I do today without their help. I would also like to say thank you to the professor and her T.A. for dealing with my shenanigans throughout the year in order to make the class more interesting. I also found the debates and artifact stations presented in class rather interesting, along with the fact that I thoroughly enjoyed my debate and debate team! Pro all the way! There are so many things that I have learned this semester from this class alone that I will use through out my everyday life. I am extremely grateful for that and all the people I have been introduced to while in it. Thank you!
Thank you for everything!
John (Jack) Junker
How is political speech expressed in social media? Provide some examples that you have seen, or been involved in.
Political speech is expressed in social media just like sports and celebrities run a muk of the tabloids today. Presidential candidates both incorporate their campaign messages in sites such as Twitter, Facebook, and just about an social media medium. It is basically how they see they can reach the younger generation the best. I can relate to politics doing this because it is all over Facebook friends want me to read about this candidates story, others want me to follow their candidate on twitter, and I personally hold my own values such as keeping politics out of my social life. It is so much more simple that way, and if someone asks what I think I simply reply “do you really want to know?” then if a response such as “yes” appears I will share what they wish to know and in turn give them the knowledge they seek.
To what extent have your CJ105 concept definitions relied on copying definitions from Wikipedia and other Internet sources – is that plagiarism?
I do not believe that my concept definitions were relied on from random sites as well as Wikipedia but I did make the mistake on not citing where I received my information that I paraphrased. So technically I “did” plagiarize but unknowingly. The major factor that I know for a fact I plagiarized was the pictures that I used in my posts. I apologize for not doing so and I know now that I MUST always site where I get my pictures along with videos that I use. I was even told that people have been kicked out of classes or failed a project due to the fact that they did not cite where they found their pictures. It is better to shape up now, then not at all.
Rights of property and ownership: copyright to protect media productions.
According to WIPO the idea of copyright is to protect an artistic creation, be it books, music, paintings, and sculptures. When a copyright is in action, it is illegal for anyone else to produce that artistic creation, and anyone that does so can be fined and/or imprisoned for a period of time. When looking at the invention of copyright you can see it around every corner of the marking spectrum. A prime example of such copyright can be inventions that have been produced, like the Magic Bullet. Though unlike the protection of such inventions, copyright law will only protect the form of expression of a persons ideas, not the ideas themselves. (WIPO)
Here is a list of examples of works protected by copyright thanks to WIPO.
- books, pamphlets and other writings;
- lectures, addresses, sermons;
- dramatic or dramatico-musical works;
- choreographic works and entertainments in dumb show;
- musical compositions with or without words;
- cinematographic works to which are assimilated works expressed by a process analogous to cinematography;
- works of drawing, painting, architecture, sculpture, engraving and lithography;
- photographic works, to which are assimilated works expressed by a process analogous to photography;
- works of applied art; illustrations, maps, plans, sketches and three-dimensional works relative to geography, topography, architecture or science;
- “translations, adaptations, arrangements of music and other alterations of a literary or artistic work, which are to be protected as original works without prejudice to the copyright in the original work..
- collections of literary or artistic works such as encyclopedias and anthologies which, by reason of the selection and arrangement of their contents, constitute intellectual creations, are to be protected as such, without prejudice to the copyright in each of the works forming part of such collections.”
What rights and responsibilities do you have to protect your privacy on the Internet?
To be honest the only rights and responsibilities that you have to protect your own privacy on the internet are a person’s own personal ones. My reasons for saying this is because once something is on the internet it is there forever. That is right, FOR-EV-ER, now imagine Squints from “The Sandlot” saying that. If you put up a embarrassing picture of yourself on the internet, (BOOM!) forever on the web. Even if you personally cannot find it does not mean someone out of the billion people that use the web has not already saw and downloaded your picture to their hard drive. Now I know that is an extreme view on the subject but anything that is put in a message, blog, video, and shared with people may always come back to the source to either remind them of their past accomplishments or haunt them for the rest of their future. I believe it is the persons choice to put what they put up and accept all the consequences that might come with it. that is just how life roles the dice.
Based on your media log, and the kind of media you use on a regular basis, what are your responsibilities in using media?
Well based on my media log the and the kind of media that I use on a regular basis, I have come to see that my responsibilities with these said media usage. No the kind of media that I use the most, according to my media log that is, is the internet. On such a wondrous thing as the internet I am able to contact my friends through Facebook, Skype, Twitter, and various other social media sites, along with find new information on what is going on in the world. BUT with this power of endless knowledge comes great responsibility. A prime example of being losing my responsibility online can be seen as people putting degrading pictures of themselves online, saying things that are racist and hurtful to others in order to gain popularity, and even just how people plagiarize what they have learned from the internet, both willing and unwillingly. If I am able to keep myself under control on my media usage and fall into some of the social norms than I should be fine in life. Guess we will see.