Concept Week 13

Rights of property and ownership: copyright to protect media productions.

By Jimmy Lavorato

When I think of this, I think of pirating music and illegally downloading movies and other such media. When you think of the time and money that people spend producing their work, it seems both illegal and immoral to receive that work free of charge. They are entitled to their work and by copyright laws that work is protected from being stolen or copied. If your like me and you’ve ever searched google images, you know that thousands of images come up. It doesn’t seem too unlikely that many of those images are copyright and that google does not have the right to display those images. I found an article on CNN talking about how google had illegaly scanned images of books created by visual artists. “We are seeking justice and fair compensation for visual artists whose work appears in the 12 million books and other publications Google has illegally scanned to date,” Says Victor Perlman, a general counsel for the photographers’ organization. The outcome is yet to be determined in whether google is guilty of this lawsuit.

http://scitech.blogs.cnn.com/2010/04/07/visual-artists-sue-google-over-copyright-issues/?iref=allsearch

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Concept Week 13

Rights of property and ownership: copyright to protect media productions

 Austin Merritt

Copyright was made to protect the creator’s idea, material, or production. The book says it is to protect and promote the art, science and other expression of the creator. Critics of copyright think it is unfair because it stresses more about the financial potential for the creator than protection of the material for its art content. Media productions have been fighting to expand the copyright laws to protect their content. The DRM, the Digital Rights Management, protects the copyright of the material. With the media today it is easier to abuse the copyright laws of the creators. Major court cases, such as the Grokster decision or Sony v. Universal City Studios, have set major standards in copyrights for media protections. The Grokster decision said that if a company had material that allowed the user to violate copyrights of another company’s media, then it is illegal. This was very controversial because it was based of the “intent” of the company’s media. The book mentioned how hard it was to judge the “intent” of the company’s intent for their media. The debate continues on where and how copyright should protect the creator of the media. It is seems to be a gray area. Both sides seem to be able to compromise and allow for others to share. Recently, copyright laws are letting up allowing for television shows to be streamed, music to be shared and other content to be expressed more freely. The reason that creator’s are letting up on the strong copyright laws is that they get paid from a fee the networks or websites pay for the use of their content and the creator is collecting popularity and recognition from the use of their product. There seems to be more of an agreement or an easing between the two parties about copyrights. This allows for the consumer’s to have more media without the high costs of copyright laws.

My example, found on USA Today, talks about how Apple Inc. lost a copyright fight against Samsung in the United Kingdom. Apple accuses Samsung of “copycat” tactics when making their Galaxy tablet. Apple has gone on to sue companies for breaking copyright rules in other countries including America. America sided with Apple for a phone dispute, while other countries like Germany and the U.K. have gone on to deny Apple of their copyright infringement claims.

Discussion Week 13

Based on your media log, and the kind of media you use on a regular basis, what are your responsibilities in using media?

Austin M.

During the media log research my television usage was the highest. Second in the race was my Internet use. When I use both of the media I have to be responsible. My ethics kind of rule my responsibilities that I put on that media use, and myself but there are also different responsibilities that are not instituted by me. For example, the Internet has restrictions placed upon it. I cannot use the Internet to steal someone’s identity or look up ways to commit a murder. My responsibilities though rest upon government set rules and my ethics. In television, my most used media, my responsibility is to be literate and understand that television shows or networks may have biases to their news. I may not be getting the full picture so I may have to look for another network for the other side. My other responsibility when watching television is not to watch television too long for health concerns. If I sit in front of a television for too long, without physical activity, I will see an effect upon my body. I also may become lazy and unprofitable to society. The same goes to the Internet, my second largest media usage. If I were to sit on the computer and Internet all day, I can grow carpel tunnel syndrome and become tired. I also have to be careful on the Internet when it comes to research. I cannot use someone’s work and claim it as mine. I have committed plagiarism. Media has a fair share of responsibilities but I believe that my responsibility is to be literate in that category, and apply my ethics and intelligence when using those mediums. If not I can see legal troubles, physical troubles, or lack of knowledge (biases) start to grow in my life. It is good to see things from both sides and to be able to manage the media to benefit and not hurt you.

Concept Week 12

Rights of property and ownership: copyright to protect media productions

By: Shelby Schroeder

Firstly, I think it’s important to define what copyright is.  Copyright is recognizing and permitting ownership of a type of expression.  It recognizes that someone who creates something, whether it be art or science with the possibility of earning money, their piece of work can be protected.   For all types of media including media productions, their rights are protected for their entire lives, plus 70 years.  If you want to use the creator’s work for your own profit, you must obtain permission from them, but a lot of time if you are using it for nonprofit reasons, you can use it.  (Such as quoting a few lines of a book). Overall media production is protected to allow creativity to flow, and for new content to be generated.

Example: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/14/business/media/14piracy.html?_r=0

Example Defined:  My example was taken from the New York Times.  Although movies are protected under copyright law, many people still pirate movies.  The article discusses how there has been a decline of being able to purchase these on the streets, as pirated movies can now be found online.  This is a problem because the movie industry is losing a lot of money over this, even more now that HD cameras are cheaper so it’s easier to get good footage to put on the internet.  This really shows that although media is protected, people can still steal things quite easily.

Discussion Question Week 13

Based on your media log, and the kind of media you use on a regular basis, what are your responsibilities in using media?

By: Shelby Schroeder

My daily use of media mostly includes spending time on the internet, mostly on Facebook and simply browsing other websites.  Like every student here when I use a website  it is my responsibility to not plagarize material.  In the growing technology today it is very easy to steal someone else’s work or idea and get away with it; however I feel I have a moral and ethical obligation not to do this.  I also use Facebook a lot, this gives me the power to say or do anything to anyone I want in fact it gives everyone the power to.  I think it’s actually quite amazing how instant our communication can be with anyone in the world, and most of the time people use this in a productive or respectful way.  Sometimes people get out of hand though and don’t respect other people on social networking sites.  Overall, I believe all my media use can be summed up in this quote that I heard when watching Spiderman, “With great power, comes great responsibility.”

Concept Week 12

Right to free speech: Difference between protections for political vs. commercial speech

Freedom of speech, that is the right that is given to the American people by the first constitution. It is the right that every person that is born under the American flag has the chance to express their beliefs and ideas to the world around them without unwarranted government restriction. But even though we have that said right it does not apply to all types. Let us take commercial speech for example, commercial speech is usually a form of advertising  and in turn it shows SOME of the First Amendment protection. The reason being that the First Amendment does in turn protect commercial speech that is not false or misleading and that obeys the law. Now political speech on the other hand is a different story. Political speech is one of the most protected pieces of speech to this date. The reasons being is that it is always carefully analysed to a key and just about everyone that has a political state in the nation wishes to speak their mind about the opinions at hand.

 

Example:

I personally love Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address speech, and I am unsure it it pertains to this topic but the way that he held it together along with it being one of the shortest speeches with such an impact on the nation.

Commercial speech will be protected by the First Amendment if (1) it concerns lawful activity and is not misleading; (2) the asserted government interest is not substantial; (3) the regulation does not directly advance the asserted governmental interest; and (4) the regulation is more extensive than is necessary to serve that interest. Prime example would be the U.S. Supreme Court has struck down bans on drug advertising.

Discussion Question #13

Based on your media log, and the kind of media you use on a regular basis, what are your responsibilities in using media?

By: Marina Eggen

The media I use the most is the Internet.  I mostly use it for the entertainment side but I also use the Internet a lot for educational purposes.  I use it to aid me in my projects, papers, and everyday homework assignments.  It is such a helpful tool for me being a college kid with lots of homework to do and papers to write.  My greatest responsibility as an avid user of the Internet is to not plagiarize.  I need to give credit where credit is due.  If I use someone else’s work to help me finish my work, I need to cite their work or mention their name and what I used from them.  It is very easy to cite websites form the Internet, and it’s my responsibility to do so.  Sometimes I don’t even realize I am plagiarizing someone’s work because it is so easy now a days to copy and past from the websites to my word documents.  I just need to stay focused and cite all the sources I use no matter what.  Another responsibility I have as a media user is to respect the rights of copyrighted material.  I should not be stealing from any companies that have this material.  It is my responsibility to pay if I want the movie or song.  I should not be pirating movies just because I don’t want to have to pay for them.  It is somewhat easy to watch movies online on free websites, or download music without asking.  It is my responsibility to not do those things.